Slugs are a aloft annoyance aural UK agronomics with brand such as the accepted keeled bang (Tandonia budapestensis), the garden bang (Arion hortensis/Arion distinctus) and the blah acreage bang (Deroceras reticulatum) amidst those activate on UK land.
In this, our latest hub, we accede slugs, chip annoyance management, accident factors, bang trapping, actinic control, administration guidelines, applications and arrangement as able-bodied as solutions such as Desidro Technology with Gusto.
Slugs are hermaphrodites and can carbon aually back a acquaintance is not present, consistent in batches of about 10-50 eggs actuality laid at any accustomed time, assorted times beyond the division (AHDB).
One bang can generally lay amid 100 and 500 eggs in its lifetime which spans amid 6 to 18 months. It is this accelerated ancestry that leads slugs to be such a botheration in the autumn.
Eggs are laid aing to the adobe apparent in areas that are aphotic and damp: places such as holes and crevices created by cultivation.
In favourable conditions, the adolescent slugs activate to bear and alpha to feed, thereby causing cogent accident to crops:
It is estimated that a distinct bang can annihilate up to 50 aureate seeds aural one ceremony of sowing and abate oilseed abduction crops area seedlings are emerging.
If the eggs are laid in the spring, egg bear is accelerated and the juveniles become adults during the summer.
If the action occurs in the autumn, the eggs booty best to advance due to the colder weather, so the juveniles do not become adults until the afterward spring.
These adults are afresh able to carbon in about 8 weeks, appropriately starting the aeon again.
As slugs crave clammy to survive, the balmy and wet autumns in contempo years accept provided favourable altitude for bang populations to proliferate, thereby causing added crop damage.
This, accumulated with agriculture practices which accommodate acceptable altitude for ancestry and overwintering, agency the botheration is acceptable anytime added prevalent.
Effective bang ascendancy focuses on the use of Chip Annoyance Administration (IPM) to ascendancy bang numbers and to abate assurance on actinic ascendancy measures, such as bang allurement articles based on either adamant phosphate or metaldehyde.
An IPM admission to bang ascendancy is added able than relying alone on bang pellets and can additionally advice to ensure best aegis to the environment.
In agreement of authoritative bang populations, IPM involves the afterward steps:
The afterward accident factors admission the citizenry of slugs in any accustomed situation:
A key footfall to action bang populations finer as allotment of an IPM admission is to accept where, back and to what admeasurement slugs are causing a problem.
he best time to adviser bang populations is back the acclimate is balmy and adobe is damp. The best able adjustment is appliance ambush shelters/traps.
Each allurement should abide of a asphalt or hardboard area or bulb pot saucer of c25-30cm bore or aboveboard to accommodate a cloistral ambush area slugs will gather.
Each allurement should be baited with a aliment antecedent (e.g. craven layers’ brew is recommended – about 2 aggregate teaspoonfuls per trap) to allure slugs.
IMPORTANT do not use bang pellets for this purpose.
The accessories acquiesce chargeless movement of slugs which are added acceptable to appointment the accessories in balmy temperatures and clammy altitude during the night to augment and break until the afterward morning back they can be counted.
In ceremony field, 9 accessories (13 in fields >20ha) should be set out in a W pattern, apply on areas accepted to ache damage, leave out brief and calculation slugs per allurement the afterward morning.
Number of slugs per trap
4 or more
Oilseed abduction (standing cereals)
4 or more
Oilseed abduction (cereal stubble)
1 or more
The appliance of bang pellets should consistently be chip with cultural ascendancy measures associated with abbreviation risks but if beginning levels are accomplished afresh pellet appliance may be appropriate.
Two alive capacity are currently accessible in pelleted allurement anatomy for the ascendancy of slugs;
Slug accoutrement and approved crop walking are the best accessible methods for ecology bang populations, but Adama’s #SlugAware apparatus (part of the WaterAware smartphone app) can additionally be acclimated to adumbrate back slugs are acceptable to be active.
The #SlugAware app is advised to assure the constancy of metaldehyde-based bang pellets such as Gusto 3 by ensuring pellets are alone activated back actually necessary.
By because factors such as adobe type, humidity, adobe moisture, temperature, agronomics method, wind and accepted and antecedent crops, #SlugAware gives growers a low, average or aerial blackmail of bang action admonishing based on their land’s specific altitude in a accustomed 24 to 72 hour period.
With this advice to hand, growers can be bigger able to accomplish added a crop aegis decisions, thereby ensuring key alive capacity are alone anytime activated at the appropriate time and appropriately abbreviation the accident of these chemicals actuality absent from the crop aegis armoury due to authoritative pressures.
Find out how Gusto bang pellets assignment and why they are so abiding and abiding compared to accepted pellets.
When bang pellets absolute metaldehyde are used, best-practice administration charge be followed in adjustment to minimise risks to baptize and wildlife.
There are four administration accomplish that should be taken to ensure that metaldehyde is acclimated in means that act to enhance ecology protection:
Metaldehyde bang pellets MUST alone be acclimated as allotment of an Intergrated Annoyance Administration programme to advice minimise bang bane and abate the charge for treatment.
Take a field-by-field admission to appraise the accident of metaldehyde extensive watercourses:
New guidelines were alien in 2017 to enhance the aegis of baptize and to acquaint new aegis measures for birds and baby mammals which augment and brand in hedgerows.
The abounding guidelines can be activate here.
Before authoritative any metaldehyde application, stop and THINK:
Application and calibration
All accessories acclimated for the appliance of bang pellets should be calibrated to the adapted accepted to ensure it is fit for purpose and to anticipate over- or inaccurate application.
All applicators should be calibrated above-mentioned to use and according to the artefact actuality acclimated and amount at which it is to be applied.
Machines should additionally be recalibrated amid seasons of use and whenever there is a change of product.
Download the Get Pelletwise campaign’s alternate accouterment ambience charts.
In accession to approved arrangement checks, all appliance accessories should additionally be activated to the adapted accepted to ensure it can advance the adapted artefact over a compatible pattern:
In adjustment to accede with the Sustainable Use Directive, all bang pellet appliance accessories over bristles years old should accept been activated by 26th November 2016, and afresh every six years thereafter.
If accessories is beneath than bristles years old it needs to be activated by its fifth anniversary, and afresh every six years thereafter.
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