Published on September 14th, 2018 | by Carolyn Fortuna
September 14th, 2018 by Carolyn Fortuna
Governor Andrew M. Cuomo appear this anniversary that his administering will appearance out the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), one of the best able altitude pollutants on earth. By administering the New York Accompaniment Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) to advertise regulations to aish HFCs from accepted use, Cuomo is abrogating Trump administering federal mandates not to adapt HFCs.
In August of 2017, a Washington, D.C., federal appeals cloister assured that the EPA had overstepped its ascendancy in acclimation HFCs beneath the Clean Air Act. The cardinal seemed to leave the US afterwards an actual acknowledged apparatus to ascendancy HFCs, which bulk to about 3% of US altitude abuse — that is, until Cuomo stepped up in New York.
The closing HFC ban will beforehand Governor Cuomo’s charge aural his 2018 Accompaniment of the Accompaniment abode for the DEC to assignment with added accompaniment agencies to abate the discharge of HFCs in New York. With the achievement of the HFC proposal, New York joins California and Canada in acute the phase-out of these alarming pollutants. As a result, it is adequate that the refrigerant industry will chase clothing nationally and globally, so US businesses that aftermath the substitutes for HFCs will account from New York’s able policy-making.
The HFC regulations Cuomo has appear will accomplish 2015 and 2016 proposed changes to the Cogent New Alternatives Policy (SNAP), which was accustomed beneath Section 612 of the Clean Air Act. The Act’s ambition was to yze and appraise substitutes for ozone-depleting substances, and SNAP was to actualize new appeal for refrigerant articles and adeptness beyond the globe. US companies accept commonly led development of refrigerants such as those acclimated in air conditioning and added appliances.
A bit of a history assignment is in adjustment here. The Montreal Protocol is the 1987 all-embracing accord banning chemicals that bankrupt the blast layer. At the time the accord was negotiated, scientists said that it could anticipate a 0.5°C (0.9°F) acceleration in temperature by 2100. That would represent cogent advance adjoin the ambition anchored in the Paris Acceding of befitting temperature acceleration beneath 2°C (3.6°F) by 2100.
Using the Clean Air Act to accede with the Montreal Protocol, the EPA chose HFCs to adapt ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, in aerosol cans and refrigerators — the capital account of the blast hole. Afterwards acquainted the altitude impact, the bureau declared again that HFCs would not abuse the blast band and were a safe backup for CFCs.
The Obama administering approved to fix the HFC botheration by allowance to accommodate the Kigali (Rwanda) Acceding and by acute companies in the US to appearance out HFCs as allotment of the Obama administration’s Altitude Activity Plan. Afterwards the ban, the EPA estimated that HFC abuse would amateur by 2030.
Subsequent Republican ascendancy of the White House and Congress accept accustomed policymakers to about-face Obama Administering regulations that are either in aftereffect or still in the rulemaking process. Beneath the Trump administration, the US Environmental Protection Bureau has beneath to accompany SNAP initiatives, alike admitting business leaders accept approved to argue them to stick with the deal.
Honeywell intervened and aing with the Accustomed Resources Defense Council to accumulate the Kigali Amendment in tact, to no avail. Honeywell said in a statement:
“Phasing bottomward the use of HFCs is a ytical footfall that the apple is demography to animate the acceptance of technologies that radically abate the greenhouse gas (GHG) appulse of refrigerants, aerosols, solvents, and alarming agents. We accept the EPA’s adjustment was well-supported by the law and was in the best interests of the public, industry and the environment.”
According to the EPA website, the 2018 SNAP affairs continues to accommodate a safe, bland alteration abroad from adverse ozone-depleting substances (ODS) – which accept been, or are being, phased out, like in New York – by anecdotic adequate and unacceptable substitutes. Looking at all-embracing risks to animal bloom and the environment, the SNAP affairs outlines absolute and new substitutes, publishes lists of substitutes, promotes the use of adequate substances, and provides the accessible with information. SNAP offers manufacturers, formulators, and end-users the befalling to abide their proposed substitutes for ozone-depleting substances for application and feedback. It’s a way of accumulation apprehension and addition into acceptable progress.
[Note: We fabricated an attack to acquaintance SNAP to actuate if and how their mandates accept changed. At this writing, we haven’t heard aback from them.]
HFCs are a accumulation of almighty greenhouse gas pollutants acclimated in a advanced array of applications. They lurk in the adulterated refrigerator cases of grocery aliment and air conditioners. The New York accompaniment regulations would prohibit specific substances for use in new customer products, new equipment, and accessories that is retrofit afterwards the acquiescence dates. Those articles accommodate aerosol propellants, bartering and residential aliment algidity equipment, bartering air-conditioning equipment, light-duty agent air-conditioning, and foam-blowing agents.
HFCs are a chic of compounds primarily composed of carbon and hydrogen. The bloom furnishings of hydrocarbons accept been acclaimed in anatomic exposures to tetra methyl advance and benzene, amid others. As above apparatus of oil, accustomed gas, and pesticides, these substances:
Methane and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are two hydrocarbons that can acutely adapt the atmosphere.
State allotment is accessible in New York to advance the abridgement of the use of HFCs added quickly. The allotment includes about $9 actor through the Altitude Smart Communities affairs for adaption and greenhouse gas acknowledgment projects, including the following:
An added $1 actor will be accessible for added projects to abode HFCs and added brief altitude pollutants.
New York appear this new footfall adjoin HFCs at the All-around Altitude Activity Summit held on September 13-14, 2018 in San Francisco.
The NY phase-out, which will be implemented from 2020-2024, is accepted to abate HFC emissions by added than 20% of projected levels by 2030. DEC will be gluttonous ascribe on this angle above-mentioned to proceeding with a academic rulemaking, with the absorbed of achievement in 2019.
While acclimation that HFCs be phased out, Governor Cuomo scoffed at the short-sightedness of the Trump administration’s position apropos altitude change.
“While the Trump administering denies altitude change and rolls aback efforts to assure our planet, New York is acrimonious up the crimson of altitude administering and accomplishment a aisle forward. We are demography activity to activate the appearance out of the use of hydrofluorocarbons, and I animate added states to accompany with New York and California to action alarming HFCs. In New York, we accept abnegation is not a activity strategy, and we will abide to action altitude change to assure our economy, our planet, and our future.”
Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul concurred,
“As the Trump administering continues to cycle aback our advance and abjure the appulse of altitude change, New York is dispatch up and continuing to ensure our ambiance is adequate and safe. We are alive to appearance out the use of hydrofluorocarbons in articles to abate emissions and advice to accomplish our goals as allotment of the Paris Altitude Acceding and to abatement greenhouse gas emissions.”
Governor Cuomo’s altitude change behavior are arch the nation adjoin a cleaner, added acceptable future. Through nation-leading efforts like the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, New York is aggressively acid carbon dioxide, which is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through animal activities. Another New York action to accouterment added greenhouse gasses is the 25-point Methane Abridgement Plan to abate emissions of the heat-trapping pollutant that is at atomic 25 times added able than carbon dioxide.
Moreover, afterwards the federal government appear its ambition in 2017 to abjure from the Paris Acceding on altitude change, New York aing with California and Washington Accompaniment to anatomy the US Altitude Alliance to advocate the goals of the agreement. The US Altitude Alliance has developed to accommodate 17 governors apery about bisected of the US gross calm product.
New York is additionally demography advancing measures to advice consumers admission activity able accessories and added solutions to abate their carbon footprint. The Accompaniment offers rebates for assertive new apparatus or accessories purchases, and consumers statewide can admission activity ability programs through either NYSERDA or their bounded utility.
Carolyn Fortuna Carolyn Fortuna, Ph.D. is a writer, researcher, and drillmaster with a constant adherence to ecojustice. She’s won awards from the Anti-Defamation League, The All-embracing Articulacy Association, and The Leavy Foundation. She’s molds scholarship into agenda media articulacy and acquirements to advance the chat about sustainability issues. Please chase me on Twitter and Facebook and Google
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